Catching up with the DCIC Winter Edition ’18


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Catching up with the DCIC, Winter Edition

The iSchool’s DCIC Center wishes to share “All the News that’s Fit to Curate…”  with notable updates on people, speakers, research, and events.

Its motto is to “Integrate Education and Research”  and its mission to “be a leader in the digital curation research and education fields, and foster interdisciplinary partnerships using Big Records and archival analytics through public / industry / government partnerships.”

Dr. Ken Heger
Stop by HBK 4110 North for coffee or tea & visit Dr. Ken Heger’s digitizationLab!

Membership Changes

Noah Dibert
Noah Dibert joins the DCIC as the Assistant Director.

Michael Kurtz Retirement Party
Celebrating with Dr. Michael Kurtz at his reitrement party.

Noah Dibert joined the DCIC as Assistant Director in July 2018. Formerly, Creative Program Manager at the Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.

Dr. Michael Kurtz retired from the iSchool in June 2018, after 18 years of teaching and advocating for digital curation and archives. Co-founder and Associate Director of the DCIC and soldiering on as a collaborator.

Dr. Fenlon at the DCIC
Dr. Katrina Fenlon joined the DCIC as Research Associate and Faculty Lead on the Legacy of Slavery project with the Maryland State Archives. Her research investigates the development, representation, use, and preservation of digital collections and archives. Welcome Katrina!

Breaking News!

DCIC Students
Congratulations to DCIC students Connor Mullane (MLIS), Billy Frederick (InfoSci), Will Thomas (Doctoral), and Tammie Nelson (Doctoral)

representing 3 papers accepted to the 2018 IEEE Int. Conf. on Big Data!

DCIC Students
Congratulations to DCIC students Aakanksha Singh (MIM), Zayden Tethong (MLIS), and Mohammad Hanaee (InfoSci)
representing 1 paper accepted at the 2018 IEEE Int. Conf. on Big Data!
DCIC Students at the Newseum
White House Correspondents’ Association (WHCA) Pool Report Kickoff  Event

12 DCIC Faculty & Students w. Robin Pike from the Library presented three posters illustrating the process of digitally curating the pool reports (Newseum on Oct. 9, 2018) Learn More

Dr. Heger Lecture

Dr. Heger leading a lecture in the experimental INST 448 course, Digital Curation Research in Cultural Big Data Collections, where students are learning the principles, methods, and technologies involved in the digital curation of sizable cultural data collections, through class lectures, discussions, and hands-on team-based projects in the DCIC. This class will be part of a *NEW* InfoSci Specialization in Digital Curation in the Fall 2019 and part of a 5-class sequence (pending approval by Campus PCC Committee):

  • INST341 Introduction to Digital Curation
  • INST443 Tools and Methods for Digital Curation
  • INST441 Information Ethics and Policy
  • INST442 Digital Curation Across Disciplines
  • INST448 Digital Curation Research in Cultural Big Data Collections

Upcoming Events

DCIC Student Research Showcase
Featuring nine posters with teams of InfoSci, MLIS, MIM, HCIM, and Doctoral students. Come join the fun on Dec. 6, from 4:30-6pm at HBK North 0302H (basement). Refreshments and snacks! Learn More

DCIC Spring Semester ’19 Open House
Come and check out and join digital curation projects. With 8 projects to chose from, we are sure that one will interest you. On January 31st, 4:45 – 6 pm, be sure to stop by the DCIC’s Open House.  Learn More

IEEE Big Data 2018: 3rd Computational Archival Science (CAS) Workshop
Featuring 13 presentations from the U.S., UK, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Bulgaria, South Africa, and Portugal. Held on Dec. 12 in Seattle,  with two keynote speakers and an archival education forum. Learn More

iConference 2019: Blue Sky Paper Session
“Establishing an International Computational Network for Librarians and Archivists”
R. Marciano, V. Lemieux (CAN), M. Hedges (UK), Y. Tomiura (JPN), J. Greenberg, B. Underwood, K. Fenlon, A. Kriesberg, M. Kendig, G. Jansen, P. Piety, D. Weintrop, and M. Kurtz. Held on Apr. 2 at UMD.  Learn More

Workshop: Developing a Computational Framework for Library & Archival Ed.
IMLS-funded workshop to create the building blocks of a Master’s level educational curriculum to educate the next generation of librarians and archivists in the computational treatments of collections. Held on Apr. 3 at UMD & Apr. 4 at Smithsonian NMNH.  Learn More

Affiliate News

Affiliates page at: http://dcic.umd.edu/about-us/people/

DCIC Affiliate Bruce Ambacher Publishes OAIS Paper at PV2018
“OAIS proposed new concepts,” by D. Giaretta, J. S. Hughes, J. Garrett, M. Conrad, M. Kearney, F. Engel, M. Hemmje, R. R. Downs, T. Longstreth, and Bruce Ambacher  at PV2018: Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Adding Value and Preserving Data, Harwell, UK 15th-17th May, 2018. Learn More

DCIC Affiliate Maria Esteva Organizes workshop on Cyber & ML for DL and Archives
Workshop on Cyberinfrastructure and Machine Learning for Digital Libraries and Archives, in Conjunction with the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL2018) on Jun. 3, 2018, in Fort Worth, TX. Learn More

DCIC Affiliate M. Hedges Organizes CAS workshop w. The National Archives.
The workshop, hosted at The National Archives in the UK on Sep. 7, 2018, brought together experts from areas of theoretical and applied computer science with representatives of the archival problem-space to explore new ways of supporting archive professionals in managing and preserving records at scale. Learn More

DCIC Affiliate Vicki Lemieux Leads Discussions on Blockchain Standards
Moscow, Oct. 22-26: Development of a new ISO standard on Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Terminology.

DCIC Affiliate and Faculty Trevor Ownes to Publish His Third Book
Congratulations to Trevor Owens, Head of Digital Content Management at the Library of Congress, whose new book “The Theory and Craft of Digital Preservation”  comes out from Johns Hopkins University Press on December 9th!  Pre-order HERE and browse preprint HERE.

DCIC Student Research Project Highlights

This fall, some 70 students volunteered to participate in DCIC research projects. An additional 20 InfoSci students worked in the DCIC as part of the inaugural INST448 class.
Project themes include:
  • Movement of People (Global Journeys, Local Communities),
  • Presidential Transparency (Managing White House Correspondents Association – WHCA – Pool Reports),
  • Revealing Untold Stories (Japanese-American WWII Camps),
  • Racial Zoning (Mapping Inequality),
  • Community Displacement (Human Face of Big Data),
  • Cyberinfrastructure for Digital Curation (Big Data Archives, Enhancing User Access to Big Data Archives), and
  • Computational Archival Science (Mapping Computational Thinking to Archival Practices).
Global Journeys, Local Communities
Faculty Lead: K. Heger with MIM Capstone Project Manager, Lauren Schirle. Students began working on a project to scan, datafy, and create a repository of digital images from a collection of vintage postcards depicting scenes of Bavaria, Germany. Furthermore, they began to inventory and datafy a collection of records relating to the world-traveling veteran Henry Müller. Some of the students worked on transforming two static 1899 datasets from the U.S. Pension Bureau into a dynamic data set to support the Project and other studies.
Managing White House Correspondents’ Association Pool Reports
Faculty Leads: B. Underwood and R. Marciano with the Phillip Merrill College of Journalism, the Newseum, and University Libraries. Students are working with 1,000 pool reports from the Gerald Ford administration.
WHCA Student Project
The Legacy of Slavery in Maryland
Faculty Lead: K. Fenlon with R. Cox (Maryland State Archives), and N. Dibert. Students are transcribing the Census Records from the Calvert County from District 3 and Certificates of Freedom. At the completion of the transcription, the data will be reviewed by Ryan Cox and compiled with records at the Maryland State Archives. Visual analytics work has also begun.
Japanese-American WWII Internment Camps
Faculty Leads: R. Marciano and B. Underwood. Students have designed, implemented, and tested an algorithm to automatically detect personally identifiable information (PII) in WWII Japanese American incarceration records. The goal is to release these never-seen-before records to the public Partnership with NARA until June 2018 and with Densho.org in moving forward.
Mapping Inequality
Faculty Lead: R. Marciano with MIM Capstone Project Manager, Lauren Schirle. Partners include JHU, VA Tech, and U. Richmond. Ms. Schirle is developing strategic plans and tasks for rolling out the project in 2019. Current website’s location is at http://mappinginequality.us. The collection relates to New Deal redlining data.
The Human Face of Big Data
Faculty Lead: M. Lee. The team is working on interviewing potential stakeholders of the system and analyze parts of the interview data and studying qualitative study methods. They have been working with 180 documents of the target collection this semester. The collection relates to urban renewal in NC in the 60s and 70s.
the Human Face of Big Data
Enhancing User Access to Big Data Archives
Faculty Lead: Greg Jansen with MIM Capstone Project Leader, Lauren Schirle. The project explores the use of the Medical Harvard Library Spark module to retrieve historical datasets in response to queries.
Big Data Archives and Analytics
Faculty Lead: G. Jansen. Students launched test runs of the Trellis LDP on a PostgreSQL implementation of Fedora. This is the baseline architecture against which we can compare a NoSQL Cassandra implementation’s performance. Furthermore, the group brought online a testbed results site to improve information content (drastic-testbed.umd.edu).
IMLS Computational Archival Science Research
Students: Sarah Wampler, Billy Frederick, and Ali Bhatti
Faculty Leads: R. Marciano, B. Underwood, M. Kurtz, K. Fenlon, A. Kriesberg, P. Piety, D. Weintrop, G. Jansen, W. Thomas, and M. Kendig
The discipline of professional archivists is rapidly changing. Most contemporary records are created, stored, maintained, used and preserved in digital form. Most graduate programs and continuing education programs in Archival Studies address this challenge by introducing students to information technology as it relates to digital records. We propose an approach to solving this challenge based on introducing computational thinking into the graduate archival studies curriculum.
IMLS Student Project

Launching of the Fall DCIC CAS Speaker Series

DCIC Computational Archival Science Fall ’18 Speaker Series

Jason Baron

Explores the potential impact of computational archival science on public policy. Proposes to connect hot button policy issues in the news with the importance of implementing AI and machine learning techniques as part of an overall governmental “access strategy” – one that in the future holds the promise of providing greater citizen access to public records through more efficient, timely responses to Congressional requests, FOIA, litigation, and other investigations of all types. Learn More


William Regli

Discusses advances in data and machine intelligence and the opportunity to reframe the human-machine systems that conduct engineering and science. The challenge is how to integrate human creativity and insight with computing machinery to have the machines not just as our tools—but as our partners. Learn More


Lyneise Williams

Explores the racial implications of the digitizing and microfilming processes—which are at the center of digital humanities. These two processes distort and diminish visual representations of all people, especially Black people and people of color in widely circulated historical mass media, like newspapers. This is particularly damaging when considering the historical backdrop of denigrating images of Black people. This kind of investigation has never been a part of conversations about image translation processes, which have steadily replaced printed newspapers in libraries and archives since the 1940s in the US. Learn More

Publications & Presentation Highlights

Published and Presented at iConference 2018
“Toward Identifying Values and Tensions in Designing a Historically-Sensitive Data Platform: A Case-Study on Urban Renewal.” Myeong Lee, Shiyun Chen, Yuheng Zhang, Edel Spencer, & R. Marciano, In: Transforming Digital Worlds. iConference 2018. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 10766. pp.632-637.
Myeong Lee at iConference 2018

Book Chapter in Advances in Librarianship: Re-Envisioning the MLS: Perspectives on the Future of Library and Information Science Education”

  • “Archival Records and Training in the Age of Big Data”, R. Marciano, V. Lemieux, M. Hedges, M. Esteva, W. Underwood, M. Kurtz, & M. Conrad (2018). In J. Percell , L. C. Sarin , P. T. Jaeger , J. C. Bertot (Eds.), (Volume 44B, pp.179-199). Emerald Publishing Limited. Learn More

Journal manuscript under review, Data and Information Management (DIM):

  • “Petabytes in Practice: Working with Collections as Data at Scale”, Will Thomas, B. Galewsky, S. Satheesan, G. Jansen, R. Marciano, S. Bradley, J. Lee, L. Marini, K. McHenry.

Published and presented at Digital Heritage 2018 in San Francisco on Oct. 27, 2018:

  • “Digital Curation of a World War II Japanese-American Incarceration Camp Collection: Implications for Sociotechnical Archival Systems”, R. Marciano, M. Lee, B. Underwood, S. Laib, Zeynep Diker, and Aakanksha Singh (presenter).

Accepted at Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) Fall 2018 Membership Meeting, Dec. 11, 2018, D.C.:

  • “User Research: Can LOD Help Users Engage with and Make Better Use of Digitized Special Collections?”, T. W. Cole, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; K. Fenlon, University of Maryland, College Park; H. Green, Washington University in St. Louis
  • DRAS-TIC: Fedora at Scale”, G. Jansen, R. Marciano, Adam Soroka (The Smithsonian Institution)

Accepted at 2018 IEEE International Conference on Big Data — Third CAS Workshop in Seattle on Dec. 12, 2018:

  • “Introducing Computational Thinking into Archival Science Education”, B. Underwood, D. Weintrop, M. Kurtz, R. Marciano

  • “Automating the Detection of Personally Identifiable Information (PII) in Japanese-American WWII Incarceration Camp Records”, R. Marciano, B. Underwood, Mohammad Hanaee, Connor Mullane, Aakanksha Singh, Zayden Tethong

  • “A Case Study in Creating Transparency in Using Cultural Big Data: The Legacy of Slavery Project”, R. Cox, Sohan Shah, Billy Frederick, Tammie Nelson, Will Thomas, G. Jansen, N. Dibert, M. Kurtz, R. Marciano

Grants

NSF CISE/Data Infrastructure Building Blocks (DIBBS): “Brown Dog” w. UIUC/NCSA ($10.5M) (Marciano, Jansen)

IMLS Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program: “Developing a Computational Framework for Library and Archival Education” ($99K) (Marciano, Underwood, Kurtz, Fenlon, Kriesberg, Piety, Weintrop, Jansen, Thomas, and Kendig)

IMLS NLG for Libraries: “Improving Fedora 4 to Work with Web-Scale Storage and Services” ($240K) (Marciano, Jansen, Thomas)

WHCA Pool Reports Archives, UMD Journalism, Libraries, and iSchool (Marciano, Underwood)

NSF CISE/IIS – Cyber-Human Systems (CHS): “Large Collaborative Research: Pervasive Ethics for Computational Research”, Katie Shilton ($3M) (w. Jansen)

IMLS Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Program: “LIS Education and Data Science for the National Digital Platform (LEADS-4-NDP)”,  Jane Greenberg @ Drexel U. ($313K) (w. Jansen, Marciano)

Computational Archival Science (CAS) Workshops

SAA2018 Workshop: Integrating Archival Education w. Technology & Research
Aug. 15, 2018. Society of American Archivists-sponsored with Harvard Lib & DCIC. Learn More
SAA Workshop at DCIC

ACA2018 Plenary: “New Modalities of Archival Exploration”
Jun. 6, 2018 Annual Association of Canadian Archivists (ACA) in Edmonton, CAN.
Dr. Marciano at ACA

Annual CAS Planning Meeting
May 9, 2018, at the DCIC.
CAS Annual Meeting at DCIC

Invitational International Workshop on CAS
Jan. 12-16, 2018 at Kyushu University, Fukuoka JPN, R. Marciano & M. Esteva.

  Computational       Archival [Records Mgt.]        Science     Learn More

Innovative Teaching and Learning

Digital Curation for Information Professionals (DCIP) Certificate
Taught by DCIC faculty: Jesse Johnston, Richard Marciano, and Adam Kriesberg.

National Park Service Internships
Eight student interns working at two locations: MRCE and WASO, with digital curation and archives. Managed by PI: Dr. Ken Heger, Supervisor: Noah Dibert, and Graduate Assistant: Perri Pyle.

INST784 Digital Preservation Sponsors 15 Cultural Heritage Organizations
Students in the iSchool Digital Preservation seminar, taught by Trevor Owens, are nearing completion of their digital preservation consulting projects for 15 small and medium-size cultural heritage organizations across the country, including; the Greenbelt Community Museum, the College Park Aviation Museum,  WheatonArts and Cultural Center, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the Archeology Program Office of the Prince George’s County Department of Parks and Recreation, and WYPR in Baltimore. Draft reports publicly available at http://www.dighist.org/projects/

Speaker Series Invitations

  • Nov. 10-14, 2018: “Exploring Linked Data Benefits for Digital Library Users”, Katrina Fenlon, et al. (UMD & UIUC). Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T), Vancouver
  • Oct. 12, 2018: “Promoting Transparency in the Legacy of Slavery: Turning Data into People in Maryland’s Slave Records” panel presentation at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference (MARAC) Fall 2018 in Wilmington, DE: Chris Haley, Emily Squires, Maya Davis, Ryan Cox, Katrina Fenlon.

Awards

  • PEARC18 Conference Best Technical Paper (Practice and Experience in Advanced Research Computing)
    • “Brown Dog: Making the Digital World a Better Place, a Few Files at a Time,”  G. Jansen,  R. Marciano, with colleagues from the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), Jul. 22-26, 2018.
  • DCIC Affiliate Victoria Lemieux Wins the Britt Literary Award 
    • For her paper “Blockchain Recording: a SWOT Analysis”  which appeared in the Nov/Dec 2017 issue of Information Management magazine Learn More

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