News and Events

Symposium on Computational Archival Science at Kyushu University, Japan (Jan. 12-16, 2018)


          Computational                    Archival [Records Management]                Science

Richard Marciano (UMD iSchool) and Maria Esteva (UMD iSchool Affiliate Professor and Data Archivist at the Texas Advanced Computing Center), were invited to visit Kyushu University (January 12-16, 2018) and conducted several seminars with faculty of the Department of Library Science.

Emi Ishita and Yoichi Tomiura

Special thanks to our amazing hosts at Kyushu University: Yoichi Tomiura (Deputy Director General of University Libraries and Professor in Department of Library Science, Department of Informatics, and Research and Education Center of Mathematics and Data Science), and Emi Ishita (Associate Professor Dept. of Library Science)

Talks included:

  1. Articulating Computational Archival Science (CAS): Background, Current State, and Professional and Educational Implications” (Marciano, Esteva)
  2. The Scope of Computational Archival Science (CAS): Methods, Resources and Interdisciplinary Approaches” (Marciano, Esteva)
  3. World War II Japanese-American Internment Camp Project” (Marciano)
  4. Anatomy of Big Archives Visualization” (Esteva).

     

Harvard Library Computational Archival Science Unconference 2017 (Cambridge, Dec. 14, 2017)


The Harvard Library hosted an amazing day-long CAS unconference!  See: https://projects.iq.harvard.edu/hlcas2017/home

The goal was to connect scholars researching and developing computational methods for archives with archivists and librarians using computational methods to curate and manage collections, explore collaborations, and provide an open forum where a broad community of interest might engage with these ideas.

Topics included:

  • Lightning round talks from IEEE Computational Archival Science workshop participants
  • Breakout discussion groups:
    • Natural language processing
    • Computational curation of cultural heritage archives
    • Computational finding aids
    • Blockchain
  • Discussion of resources needed in order to further develop CAS

Thank you to the amazing organizers and hosts (left to right): Jane Kelly (Historical & Special Collections Assistant for the Harvard Law Library), Jessica Farrell (Curator of Digital Collections for the Harvard Law Library), and Ceilyn Boyd (Research Data Program Manager for the Harvard Library).

   

The Morning Session included talks on:

  • Generating astrophysics-specific language using recurrent neural networks to assess linguistic complexity between subdomains and using computer vision to identify sketches and graphs in archival astronomical observations
  • Harvard Library’s Colonial North America Project
  • Visualization in the Harvard FAS (Faculty of Arts & Sciences)
  • Collaborative Needs Activity with Harvard Library’s Special Collections and Archives Council (SPARC)

The Afternoon Session included an Introduction to CAS by Richard Marciano (U. Maryland iSchool), Lightening Talks from many of the CAS#2 Workshop participants, and Breakout discussions:

Speaker: William Underwood (U. Maryland iSchool)

Speaker: Chris Prom (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Speaker: Tod Goodall (UT of Austin)

Speaker: Tim Hutchinson (University of Saskatchewan Library, Canada)

Jason Baron (Of Counsel, Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP)

Speaker: Greg Jansen (U. Maryland iSchool)

Speaker: Ji-Ping Lin (Academia Sinica, Taiwan)

Speaker: Victoria Lemieux (University of British Columbia)

Speaker: Tyler Smith (Adventium Labs)

Speaker: Shiyun Chen (University of Maryland iSchool MLIS student)

CAS Workshop #2 (Boston, Dec. 13, 2017)


The 2nd Computational Archival Science (CAS) workshop was held at IEEE Big Data 2017 in Boston on Dec. 13.

Richard Marciano (UMD), Vicki Lemieux (UBC), and Mark Hedges (King’s College London)

 

See: http://dcicblog.umd.edu/cas/ieee_big_data_2017_cas-workshop/ for a list of computational methods and archival concepts associated with each of the presentations.

The workshop featured:

  • 14 presentations from France, Netherlands, UK, Canada, US, Taiwan
  • 2 demos from GE and US
  • 25 UMD iSchool students on talks/papers and panels on new CAS curricula development!

Moderator: Michael Kurtz

Students: LEFT TO RIGHT — Jennifer Proctor, Claire McDonald , Will Thomas discussed educational takeaways, and methods for incorporating CAS into the Master’s of Library and Information Science (MLIS) in order to better address the needs of today’s MLIS graduates looking to employ both ‘traditional’ archival principles in conjunction with computational methods.

They represented the seven graduate students at the U. Maryland iSchool who participated in the fall 2017 seminar exploring the eight case studies proposed in the 2017 Foundational Paper: “Archival records and training in the Age of Big Data”, Marciano, Lemieux, Hedges, Esteva, Underwood, Kurtz, Conrad, LINK, to be published in May 2018 in “Advances in Librarianship – Re-Envisioning the MLIS: Perspectives on the Future of Library and Information Science Education”, Editors: Lindsay C. Sarin, Johnna Percell, Paul T. Jaeger, & John Carlo Bertot.

Other UMD iSchool-related faculty / student talks included:

#3: Computational Curation of a Digitized Record Series of WWII Japanese-American Internment 
[William Underwood, Richard Marciano, Sandra Laib, Carl Apgar, Luis Beteta, Waleed Falak, Marisa Gilman, Riss Hardcastle, Keona Holden, Yun Huang, David Baasch, Brittni Ballard, Tricia Glaser, Adam Gray, Leigh Plummer, Zeynep Diker, Mayanka Jha, Aakanksha Singh, and Namrata Walanj — University of Maryland, USA]

bill_underwood
Slides — Paper

  • Computational Methods: NLP, NER, GIS, Graph database,
    linked data
  • Archival Concepts: Digital curation, automated metadata extraction

#8: Heuristics for Assessing Computational Archival Science (CAS) Research: The Case of the Human Face of Big Data Project 
[Myeong Lee, Yuheng Zhang, Shiyun Chen, Edel Spencer, Jhon Dela Cruz, Hyeonggi Hong, and Richard Marciano — University of Maryland, USA]

shiyun
Slides — Paper

  • Computational Methods: Heuristics for CAS research,
  • Archival Concepts: Iterative design, value-sensitive design

#14: A Typology of Blockchain Recordkeeping Solutions and Some Reflections on their Implications for the Future of Archival Preservation 
[Victoria Lemieux — University of British Columbia, CAN]

vicki_lemieux
Slides — Paper

  • Computational Methods: Blockchain, computational validation, distributed ledger, computational trust
  • Archival Concepts: Recordkeeping, digital preservation,
    archival trust

Greg Jansen, University of Maryland, USA

Slides
DRAS-TIC for Linked Data and Memento
greg_jansen Greg showcased the next phase of DRAS-TIC software development and scalability testing. Digital Repository At Scale — That Invites Computation (DRAS-TIC) Funded through the NSF Brown Dog project (see:https://www.cni.org/topics/digital-curation/drastic-measures-digital-repository-at-scale-that-invites-computation-to-improve-collections). The next phase of DRAS-TIC development was funded by a two-year grant from the IMLS as the “DRAS-TIC Fedora” project. This will see our horizontal scaling NoSQL digital repository grow to support the Linked Data Platform and Memento APIs for versioned linked data. We aim to meet these stringent LDP requirements and continue to support distributed compute on the Cassandra back-end.

10/09/2017: Launch of the Maryland State Archives & UMD iSchool’s “Legacy of Slavery Program Collaboration”


The iSchool and the DCIC launched an innovative project with the Maryland State Archives (MSA) designed to support the MSA’s 17 year Legacy of Slavery program. The project was officially launched at a celebratory event on October 9 (2-4 pm) at the Maryland State Archives in Annapolis.

Program

Background

Eighty plus attendees.

State Archivist Tim Baker and iSchool Dean Keith Marzullo began the program before the 80 guests in attendance by describing the unique partnership between the two organizations that integrates education with research.

Dr. Michael J. Kurtz ,Associate Director, Digital Curation Innovation Center College of information Studies.

Opening Remarks: Mr. Timothy D. Baker, Archivist of Maryland.

Dr. Keith Marzullo, Dean, College of Information Studies.

Chris Haley, director of the Legacy of Slavery program and Richard Marciano, DCIC director, provided an overview of the Legacy of Slavery program, and how the two DCIC-led student teams (12 students total) will collaborate. The student teams will work with already digitized materials from the holdings of the Maryland State Archives (Census records, Certificates of Freedom) to capture the individuality of each freed former slave. This turns data into people. The ultimate goal is to visually display the digitized data and show the complex relationships between former slaves, slave owners, and local communities. Michael Kurtz, DCIC associate director, is the project coordinator, and Chris Haley and Ryan Cox of the MSA will be the project managers. Emily Oland Squires is the MSA Director of Research and Student Outreach.

Program Overview: Mr. Christopher E. Haley, Director, Legacy of Slavery Program, Maryland State Archives.

Haley at the podium.

Collaboration Projects: Dr. Richard Marciano, Director, Digital Curation Innovation Center, College of Information Studies.

Student team members Julia Folk, Will Thomas, and Zachary Tumlin provided their perspectives on why they joined the project and what it means to them.

The team includes 12 students:

  • MLIS students: Juli Folk, Zachary Tumlin, Claire McDonald, Kenneth Coulbourne, Maya Reid, Maggie McCready, and Jennifer Piegols
  • Info. Sci. undergraduate students: Ebony Ferguson, and Monica Urrutia
  • HiLS student: Emily Martin
  • MIM student: Akshat Pant
  • Doctoral student: Will Thomas

 

Student remarks: Julia Folk.

Student Remarks: Will Thomas.

Student Remarks: Zachary Tumlin.

Emeritus Salisbury University Professor Dr. Clara L. Small concluded the event with an evocative presentation putting the project into historical perspective.

Historical Perspective: Dr. Clara L. Small, Salisbury University.

Finally, some of the amazing and innovative work from the Maryland State Archives Legacy of Slavery Team. Recognizing and seeing Lot Bell nearly 200 years later!

Lot Bell: amazing forensic portrait rendering made from Certificate of Freedom from 1819.

Certificate of Freedom for Lot Bell in 1819.

10/09/2017: Legacy of Slavery in MD Project Launch


Monday, October 9, 2017
Legacy of Slavery in Maryland Program Open House
2:00 – 4:00pm

The Maryland State Archives and The College of Information Studies, University of Maryland invite you to attend the launch of a joint project supporting the Legacy of Slavery in Maryland program.  Staff members of the Archives’ Study of the Legacy of Slavery in Maryland Program will be on hand, with faculty and students from the University’s Digital and Cultural Innovation Center to discuss, demonstrate and share the powerful online tools for research of slavery in Maryland. This is a free program, open to the public but registration is required.

More information at EVENT REGISTRATION.

9/12/2017: Dr. Richard Marciano Receives the Emmett Leahy Award


Maryland iSchool — September 12, 2017

The Emmett Leahy Award annually honors a pioneer in the field of records and information management. The 2017 award recognizes Dr. Richard Marciano’s outstanding and sustained work in digital records and information management. His insightful development of cyberinfrastructure to support records management has resulted in new methodologies, experimental systems, and analytics – producing new knowledge and new ways to understand the past. Dr. Marciano’s work has led to innovative advancements in record keeping for the humanities, sciences, and archives.

Dr. Marciano (pictured right) is seen receiving the Emmett Leahy Award plaque from Jason R. Baron (pictured left). Jason Baron is the Chair of the Leahy Award Committee, former recipient himself in 2011, former Director of Litigation at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Washington, D.C., former Faculty member at the Maryland iSchool, and currently Of Counsel at Drinker Biddle. Jason’s remarks at: https://www.emmettleahyaward.org/2017-richard-marciano.html.

Dr. Marciano is a professor in the College of Information Studies at the University of Maryland, Director of the Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC), and Director of the Sustainable Archives and Leveraging Technologies (SALT) lab.  Prior to that, he conducted research at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego for over a decade with an affiliation in the Division of Social Sciences in the Urban Studies and Planning program.  His research interests center on digital preservation, sustainable archives, cyberinfrastructure, and big data.

Dr. Marciano’s work has led to innovative advancements in record keeping for the humanities, sciences, and archives. We congratulate him in receiving this prestigious and well deserved award.


The award ceremony included the following speakers:

Welcome

Michael Kurtz, Associate Director, Digital Curation Innovation Center

Opening Remarks

Keith Marzullo, Dean, College of Information Studies

COMMENTARY

Laurence Brewer, Chief Records Officer for the Federal Government, National Archives and Records Administration

Paul Wester, Director, National Agricultural Library, USDA

Jane Greenberg, Alice B. Kroeger Professor, Director, Metadata Research Center, College of Computing and Informatics, Drexel University

Christine Ardern, Principal Consultant, Information Management Specialists, Toronto and 2002 Emmett Leahy Award Recipient

Award Presentation

Jason R. Baron, Of Counsel, DrinkerBiddle, 2011 Emmett Leahy Award Recipient

Honoree’s Remarks

Richard Marciano

Banquet

10/17/2016: Mapping Inequality Project is Announced!


Featured in an article written by the National Geographic, DCIC and partners have officially released the Mapping Inequality Project to the public.

The project and website have received much traffic and media attention. Check out the links!

 

* Camila Domonoske, “Interactive Redlining Map Zooms In On America’s History Of Discrimination,” http://www. npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/ 2016/10/19/498536077/ interactive-redlining-map- zooms-in-on-americas-history- of-discrimination
* Greg Miller, “Newly Released Maps Show How Housing Discrimination Happened,” http://news. nationalgeographic.com/2016/ 10/housing-discrimination- redlining-maps/
* Henry Grabar, “Here’s How the Federal Government Made the Maps That Crippled Black Neighborhoods,” http://www. slate.com/blogs/moneybox/2016/ 10/21/a_new_project_shows_how_ redlining_emerged_from_ firsthand_reports_of_the.html
* Tanvi Misra, “A Digital Window Into the Roots of Redlining,” http://www. citylab.com/housing/2016/10/a- digital-window-into-the-roots- of-redlining/504656/
* Ruth McCambridge, “New Site Provides Extraordinary Resources for Community Activists,” https:// nonprofitquarterly.org/2016/ 10/19/new-site-provides- extraordinary-resources- community-activists/
* Oscar Perry Abello, “Mapping Housing Discrimination in U.S. Cities,” https://nextcity.org/ daily/entry/new-mapping- inequality-online-redlining
* Justin Murphy, “1930s Rochester redlining maps show discrimination,” http://www. democratandchronicle.com/ story/news/2016/10/20/ rochester-ny-redlining-map/ 92456536/
* Lauren Ro, “Map collection showing housing discrimination now online,” http://www.curbed. com/2016/10/20/13347064/holc- housing-discrimination- redlining-maps-mapping- inequality
* “Home Owners’ Loan Corporation maps of Albany, Schenectady, and Troy via Mapping Inequality,” http:// alloveralbany.com/archive/ 2016/10/20/mapping-inequality- albany-schenectady-troy

 

 

 

 

 

10/03/2016: Introducing Open Source Platform dras-tic


The DCIC is officially launching the “dras-tic” archiving platform at iPRES 2016, today Oct. 4, 2016.  The University of Maryland has concluded a significant license agreement with Archives Analytics Solutions ltd., a software development firm in the United Kingdom, for the ownership and use of its lead product, Indigo. This was developed in collaboration with the University’s Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC) in the College of Information Studies as the result of a $10.5 M NSF grant.

Indigo, now renamed dras-tic (digital repository at scale that invites computation [that improves collections]), is an open source license. The goal is to build out an open source platform into a horizontally scalable archives framework serving the national library, archives, and scientific management communities. Professor Richard Marciano, Director of the DCIC, said, “ I am delighted that we have secured  the Indigo product for our use.  We are actively engaged in the Big Data community and, in particular, the effective storage, management, and retrieval of data. We see this new software as it evolves into the dras-tic platform as a credible solution for Big Data management in large organizations in the cultural heritage, business, and scientific research communities.”

The computational archival science community of research partners will use the dras-tic repository software in iterative fashion to process and make available complex archival collections. This new methodology supports innovative teaching and can bring together interdisciplinary student research teams that master tools to create enhanced automated finding aids and create access points into Big Data archival collections. Looking ahead, John Burns, Chief Technology Officer at AAS said,” We have been working closely with Richard and his team for some time now, and this agreement provides the next logical step in the evolution of the product. We see an exciting future for the product.”

For further information about dras-tic and the computational archival science community contact Richard Marciano at marciano@umd.edu.

09/07/2016: DCIC Interdisciplinary Research Plans Available


The Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC) is happy to announce a number of interdisciplinary research themes / projects for this fall semester. As discussed at the iSchool Orientation and DCIC Open House, students who are interested in gaining new digital skills, conducting interdisciplinary research, and exploring professional development opportunities at the intersection of archives, big data, and analytics should read through each project plan to determine their interests. 

 

Project teams will be made up of iSchool students (MLIS, MIM, HCI), faculty, staff, and community members outside the iSchool.

6 Themes for Interdisciplinary Research:

Click the name of the project to view the plan!

Please email dcic.ischool@gmail.com with the projects you are most interested in. Based on your feedback, we will conduct several “project speed dating” sessions the week of September 12 🙂 

No prerequisites needed, just the desire to develop new skills and play [however, students should expect to dedicate at least 2 – 3 hours to the project per week]

09/05/2016: DCIC to Host Dr. Tobias Blanke from King’s College London September 27th – 30th


The Digital Curation Innovation Center is excited to announce that Dr. Tobias Blanke from King’s College London will be visiting the College of Information Studies from September 27th to September 30th under the Dr. Paul Wasserman Visiting Scholar Program.

Dr. Blanke is a Reader in Social and Cultural Informatics in the Department of Digital Humanities and the director of the European Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities (DARIAH). He leads and manages large international interdisciplinary research initiatives and teaches at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Currently, he works on the development of novel teaching approaches in digital methods and big data to understand culture and society.

On Tuesday September 27th from 5 to 7pm, the DCIC will host a plenary session and reception honoring Dr. Blanke. The reception will be held in McKeldin Library Room 6137, Special Events Room. All students and faculty are welcome to attend his discussion on Computational Archival Science research.

Please email dcic.ischool@gmail.com if you have any questions!