News and Events

SAA, Community Engagement Workshop


Society of American Archivists Sponsored Event:

Community Engagement Workshop
Integrating Archival Education with Technology & Research

Wednesday, 15th of September
0830 – 1145
University of Maryland College Park
College of Information Studies, iSchool
Digital Curation Innovation Center (4110)

To explore the possibility of collaboration among archival educators to share techniques, strategies, and tools to develop and enhance the skills of students in academic and professional education programs. The DCIC wishes to share some of its capabilities, learn from colleagues in the field, and foster a discussion on opportunities for collaboration in digital curation and computational treatments of archival collections in particular. We believe that meeting off-site at a digital curation lab, and allowing time to present and discuss, would be a beneficial way to add value to AES interests.

For more information about the presenters: SAA 2018

Celebrating Dr. Michael Kurtz’s Accomplishments at the DCIC Center


 

The DCIC staff (past, present… and future) were very honored to celebrate Dr. Michael J. Kurtz for his leadership and (too) many (to count) contributions at the University of Maryland, most recently as the Associate Director of the Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC) in the College of Information Studies.

Celebrating with DCIC members (past, current, and future) on May 9, 2018:

  • Standing (left to right): Myeong Lee, Sohan Shah, Bill Underwood, Greg Jansen, Richard Marciano, Ken Heger, Will Thomas, Mary Kendig, Katrina Fenelon, Noah Dibert
  • Sitting (left to right): Cherie Loustaunau, Michael Kurtz

We are very grateful for all of Michael’s contributions, creativity, and boundless energy, and look forward to continued engagements beyond his tenure at the iSchool. Feel free to catch up with Michael over the summer at the Society of American Archives (SAA2018) Annual Conference:

Michael not only taught at the University of Maryland’s College of Information Studies, for the last 18 years, but also became a full-time faculty member in 2011, and cofounded the DCIC Center in 2015 where he was the Associate Director until now. See:

Michael has been a tireless advocate and benefactor to the iSchool. He set up a 2012 bequest of $500,000 to establish the Michael J. Kurtz Professorship in Archives and Digital Curation, and in 2015 provided a second $500,000 bequest to create an endowment fund to support the DCIC Center’s efforts.

“In my life and career, the combination of education and archives has been very powerful, and my goal to is help expose students to the tools and technologies they are going to need for contemporary careers in archives.”

See:

Michael is also co-founder of the Computational Archival Science (CAS) initiative in the DCIC (with colleagues from Kings College London, Georgia Tech, University of British Columbia, and the Texas Advanced Computing Center).  See: CAS Portal: http://dcicblog.umd.edu/cas/

He has led DCIC Student Project efforts on the Legacy of Slavery project, in partnership with the Maryland State Archives, and the International Research Portal Project, with records related to looted Nazi-Era art. See:

Prior to this he worked at the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) for 37 years as a professional archivist, manager, and senior executive, including leading the National Declassification Center to streamline efforts to make billions of pages of government records public. His leadership was recognized by “Federal Computer Week” in 2005 with one of its prestigious Fed 100 Awards.

Michael received his doctoral degree in European History from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. He has published extensively in the fields of American history and archival management. His broad and eclectic scholarly work, among others, include:

  • “Museums, Archives, and Universities – Structuring Future Connections with Big Data” (co-author), in Big Data in the Arts and Humanities: Theory and Practice (June 2018)
  • “Archival Records and Training in the Age of Big Data” (co-author), in Re-Envisioning the MLS: Perspectives on the Future of Library and Information Science Education (May, 2018). See: http://dcicblog.umd.edu/cas/wp-content/uploads/sites/13/2017/06/Marciano-et-al-Archival-Records-and-Training-in-the-Age-of-Big-Data-final.pdf.
  • “Archival Management and Administration,” in Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences (Third Edition, 2010);
  • Managing Archival and Manuscript Repositories (2004);
  • America and the Return of Nazi Contraband: The Recovery of Europe’s Cultural Treasures (2006, Paperback edition 2009).

DCIC at UMD Social Justice Day


 

Google Document for Discussion / Viewing

Mapping Inequality Website: https://dsl.richmond.edu/panorama/redlining/

 

News Articles about Mapping Inequality

(1) The New York Times: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/24/upshot/how-redlinings-racist-effects-lasted-for-decades.html

Lines like these, drawn in cities across the country to separate “hazardous” and “declining” from “desirable” and “best,” codified patterns of racial segregation and disparities in access to credit. Now economists at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, analyzing data from recently digitized copies of those maps, show that the consequences lasted for decades. As recently as 2010, they [researchers] find, differences in the level of racial segregation, homeownership rates, home values and credit scores were still apparent where these boundaries were drawn.

“Did the creation of these maps actually influence the development of urban neighborhoods over the course of the 20th century to now?” said Bhash Mazumder, one of the Fed researchers, along with Daniel Aaronson and Daniel Hartley. “That was our primary question.”

(2) National Geographic: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/10/housing-discrimination-redlining-maps/

“These residential decisions had decades-long consequences,” Connolly adds. “So much of the wealth inequality that exists in America is driven by inequality in real estate market and the ability to generate equity and pass it down from one generation to the next.”

(3) Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/28/redlining-was-banned-50-years-ago-its-still-hurting-minorities-today/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.bc3924e19a07

Nearly 70 percent of formerly redlined communities in Baltimore remain predominantly minority, as well as lower income. Even neighborhoods in western Baltimore that had been rated as “desirable” subsequently became populated with minority, low-income residents as middle-class whites fled to the suburbs, researchers said.

 

SAA ERS Blog on DCIC – Partnerships in Advancing Digital Archival Education


The blog of the Electronic Records Section] of the Society of American Archivists was founded to foster communication and collaboration within the ERS and across the wider archival community. The DCIC is honored to have a blog published on the work we are doing in advancing Digital Archival Education at the University of Maryland.

To read our blog, please see: https://saaers.wordpress.com/2018/03/06/partnerships-in-advancing-digital-archival-education/

Meeting with Executives from the Baltimore City Mayor’s Office at the University of Maryland (Feb 15, 2018)


The DCIC on February 15 hosted a team from the Baltimore City Mayor’s
office to demonstrate DCIC work, capabilities, and the empowerment of
students to innovate for social good. The visitors found good ideas from the
DCIC demonstrations that could be leveraged into a small implementation
project during this debut year for the Baltimore City IT/Tech Master Plan.

iSchool Symposium at the University of Maryland (May 1, 2018)


The iSchool Symposium will be held Tuesday, May 1, at the Stamp Student Union, Grand Ballroom. Due to our rapidly growing student body, this event combines two separate events that we’ve traditionally held – the PhD Research Day and the iSchool Experiential Expo. This combined event will feature poster presentations, Ted Talks, Panel Discussions and Debates from across our programs, including InfoSci. The iSchool will invite industry experts and UMD staff and faculty to attend the symposium and interact with students.

DCIC Co-Sponsored University of Maryland’s First Ever Data Challenge (Feb 24 – March 3, 2018)


On the morning of February 24, 2018, over 150 enthusiastic students from different colleges around the University of Maryland gathered with experts from the Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC) and other sponsoring organizations at the UMD Riggs Alumni Center for the UMD iSchool Data Challenge 2018 event. The students embarked on an exciting week-long journey of problem-solving, number crunching, and data-wrangling to provide data analytics and digital curation ideas with a theme of Information Innovation for Social Good. The excitement was evident as participants were lined up at the entrance before the registration officially opened. During the event, there was constant activity with mentors assisting teams, encouraging them to come up with innovative ideas using the data they had chosen to work with.

The DCIC provided 3 datasets for students to work on and enhance their digital curation, user experience and data analytical skills. The datasets focused on historical, cultural and human justice collections. Sohan Shah, who is a Graduate Assistant at the DCIC and also President of the MIM Student Association, led the efforts in organizing Data Challenge. DCIC Director Richard Marciano and Software Architect Greg Jansen participated in the event as mentors and inspired participants to leverage the datasets and combined with their knowledge of the ever-advancing technology to provide results that will empower the community. Student teams were encouraged to extract insights from the data and create interesting narratives.

With overwhelming student participation, motivation from the mentors, a chance to interact with key industry experts, and scrumptious food, it was a splendid kick-start for the first ever UMD iSchool Data Challenge.

After a week of problem-solving, number crunching and data-wrangling, the Finale of the Data Challenge took place on the morning of March 3 at the University of Maryland. The judges were quite impressed with how well the students had leveraged technology and provided data as well as abided by the theme of Information Innovation for Social Good. One of the judges, Ying Lu, a Data Scientist at Google, shared that he was highly impressed by the winners of the Social Impact category, who had utilized the Morten Beyer and Agnew Aircraft data to study the carbon footprints left by the airplanes.

It was exciting to see several teams of undergraduate students participating in this event and showcasing their skills at such a major event. One of the undergraduate teams that really impressed all judges used data from the DCIC’s Mapping Inequality project, that focused on racial zoning as a result of the 1929 stock market crash that devastated America’s economy. The Home Owner’s Loan Corporation (HOLC), created by President Franklin Roosevelt, created maps that graded neighborhoods based on racial/ethic presence, high and low-income families and environmental problems and made financial decisions based on them. In this study, the team of students analyzed the level of vulnerability of American families based on several variables and highlighted a geographic trend between those of whom benefited and suffered the most. Among security grade ranking, they found that the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania had the strongest ranking, while Vinton, Virginia had the lowest. They also found that the HOLC did discriminate against low-income and minority families, and foreign and negro inhabitants when evaluating the distribution of economic relief.

Overall the participants enjoyed working on the datasets, the mentors cherished guiding the students, the judges appreciated the hard work of the teams and the sponsors too enjoyed interacting with the participants – the event was a hit!

For more information about Data Challenge, see https://datachallenge.ischool.umd.edu/

      

UMD iSchool Students and Faculty Present at the International Digital Curation Conference (Barcelona, Feb. 20, 2018)


Richard Marciano presented a talk at the 13th International Digital Curation Conference (IDCC18), Feb. 20, Barcelona, Spain. “Building Open-Source Digital Curation Services and Respositories at Scale”, Richard Marciano, Greg Jansen, Will Thomas, Sohan Shah, and Michael Kurtz. See: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/events/idcc18/programme

Topics covered included:

  1. Development of Distributed Scalable NoSQL Catalogs and Repositories (DRAS-TIC)
  2. Development of Cloud-Based Digital Curation Services (Brown Dog)
  3. Creation of a Testbed of Justice, Human Rights, and Cultural Heritage Collections (CI-BER)
  4. Development of a New Trans-Disciplinary Field: Computational Archival Science (CAS)
  5. Integration of Digital Curation Education & Research at the Digital Curation Innovation Center (DCIC)

  

Symposium on Computational Archival Science at Kyushu University, Japan (Jan. 12-16, 2018)


          Computational                    Archival [Records Management]                Science

Richard Marciano (UMD iSchool) and Maria Esteva (UMD iSchool Affiliate Professor and Data Archivist at the Texas Advanced Computing Center), were invited to visit Kyushu University (January 12-16, 2018) and conducted several seminars with faculty of the Department of Library Science.

Emi Ishita and Yoichi Tomiura

Special thanks to our amazing hosts at Kyushu University: Yoichi Tomiura (Deputy Director General of University Libraries and Professor in Department of Library Science, Department of Informatics, and Research and Education Center of Mathematics and Data Science), and Emi Ishita (Associate Professor Dept. of Library Science)

Talks included:

  1. Articulating Computational Archival Science (CAS): Background, Current State, and Professional and Educational Implications” (Marciano, Esteva)
  2. The Scope of Computational Archival Science (CAS): Methods, Resources and Interdisciplinary Approaches” (Marciano, Esteva)
  3. World War II Japanese-American Internment Camp Project” (Marciano)
  4. Anatomy of Big Archives Visualization” (Esteva).

     

Harvard Library Computational Archival Science Unconference 2017 (Cambridge, Dec. 14, 2017)


The Harvard Library hosted an amazing day-long CAS unconference!  See: https://projects.iq.harvard.edu/hlcas2017/home

The goal was to connect scholars researching and developing computational methods for archives with archivists and librarians using computational methods to curate and manage collections, explore collaborations, and provide an open forum where a broad community of interest might engage with these ideas.

Topics included:

  • Lightning round talks from IEEE Computational Archival Science workshop participants
  • Breakout discussion groups:
    • Natural language processing
    • Computational curation of cultural heritage archives
    • Computational finding aids
    • Blockchain
  • Discussion of resources needed in order to further develop CAS

Thank you to the amazing organizers and hosts (left to right): Jane Kelly (Historical & Special Collections Assistant for the Harvard Law Library), Jessica Farrell (Curator of Digital Collections for the Harvard Law Library), and Ceilyn Boyd (Research Data Program Manager for the Harvard Library).

   

The Morning Session included talks on:

  • Generating astrophysics-specific language using recurrent neural networks to assess linguistic complexity between subdomains and using computer vision to identify sketches and graphs in archival astronomical observations
  • Harvard Library’s Colonial North America Project
  • Visualization in the Harvard FAS (Faculty of Arts & Sciences)
  • Collaborative Needs Activity with Harvard Library’s Special Collections and Archives Council (SPARC)

The Afternoon Session included an Introduction to CAS by Richard Marciano (U. Maryland iSchool), Lightening Talks from many of the CAS#2 Workshop participants, and Breakout discussions:

Speaker: William Underwood (U. Maryland iSchool)

Speaker: Chris Prom (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)

Speaker: Tod Goodall (UT of Austin)

Speaker: Tim Hutchinson (University of Saskatchewan Library, Canada)

Jason Baron (Of Counsel, Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP)

Speaker: Greg Jansen (U. Maryland iSchool)

Speaker: Ji-Ping Lin (Academia Sinica, Taiwan)

Speaker: Victoria Lemieux (University of British Columbia)

Speaker: Tyler Smith (Adventium Labs)

Speaker: Shiyun Chen (University of Maryland iSchool MLIS student)